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Rabindra and Nazrul Jayanti

Two significant Literary masterminds Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam are remembered worldwide in a ceremonial festival through Rabindra and Nazrul Jayanti during the month of May every year. Cultural gatherings and song sessions are organised as a part to pay personal and heartfelt tribute to these legendary literary visionaries.

Rabindranath Tagore is probably the most prominent figure in the cultural world of Indian subcontinent and the first non-European Nobel laureate by earning the 1913 Prize for Literature. He was basically the ambassador of Indian culture to the rest of the world. Even though he is mainly known as a poet, his multifaceted talent showered upon different branches of art, such as, novels, short stories, dramas, articles, essays, painting etc. And his songs, popularly known as RabindraSangeet, have an eternal appeal and is permanently placed in the heart of the Bengalis. He was a social reformer, patriot and above all, a great humanitarian and philosopher. He penned two national anthems: India's Jana Gana Mana and Bangladesh's Amar Shonar Bangla.

Rabindranath Tagore (7 May 1861–7 August 1941), was born in the Jorasanko mansion in Calcutta. Tagore wrote poetry as an eight-year-old child. As a humanist, Universalist internationalist, and strident anti-nationalist he came to denounce the Raj and proffer a nuanced support for independence from Britain. He wrote songs lionizing the Indian independence movement. Tagore was knighted by the ruling British Government in 1915, but within a few years he renounced it in protest of the massacre at Jalianwalabag, Punjab.

Tagore modernised Bengali art by spurning rigid classical forms and resisting linguistic strictures. His novels, stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays spoke to topics political and personal. Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Gora (Fair-Faced), and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World) are his best-known works, and his verse, short stories, and novels were acclaimed—or panned—for their lyricism, colloquialism, naturalism, and unnatural contemplation. Rabindranath Tagore passed away on 7th August 1941.

Kazi Nazrul Islam was a poet, musician and revolutionary who pioneered poetic works espousing intense spiritual rebellion against fascism and oppression. His poetry and nationalist activism earned him the popular title of Bidrohi Kobi (Rebel Poet). Accomplishing a large body of acclaimed works through his life, Nazrul is officially recognized as the national poet of Bangladesh and being remembered and honored fondly in India.

Kazi Nazrul Islam (25 May 1899–29 August 1976) was born in the village of Churulia near Asansol in the Burdwan District of Bengal. After serving in the British Indian Army, Nazrul established himself as a journalist in Kolkata. He assailed the British Raj in India and preached revolution through his poetic works, such as "Bidrohi" ("The Rebel") and "Bhangar Gaan" ("The Song of Destruction"), as well as his publication "Dhumketu" ("The Comet"). His impassioned activism in the Indian independence movement often led to his imprisonment by British authorities. While in prison, Nazrul wrote the "Rajbandir Jabanbandi" ("Deposition of a Political Prisoner"), exploring the life and conditions of the downtrodden masses of India, Nazrul worked for their emancipation. Nazrul's writings explore themes such as love, freedom, and revolution; he opposed all bigotry, including religious and gender. Throughout his career, Nazrul wrote short stories, novels, and essays but is best-known for his poems, in which he pioneered new forms such as Bengali ghazals. Nazrul wrote and composed music for his nearly 4,000 songs collectively known as Nazrul geeti (Nazrul songs), which are widely popular today.

At the age of 43 (in 1942) he began suffering from an unknown disease, losing his voice and memory. It caused Nazrul's health to decline steadily and forced him to live in isolation for many years. The outspoken poet and activist for freedom passed away in Dhaka (Bangladesh) in 1976, at the age of 77.


Durga Puja
Laxmi Puja
Saraswati Puja
Rabindra-Nazrul Jayanti